About India

 

India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area of approx. 3,287,263 Sq km. It is the second most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman & Nicobar Island shares a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four world religions— Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism—originated here, whereas Zoroastrianism, Christianity and Islam arrived later and also helped shape the region's diverse culture.

India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. Federalism in India defines the power distribution between the federal government and the states. The government abides by constitutional checks and balances. The Constitution of India, which came into effect on 26 January 1950, states in its preamble that India is a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. India's form of government, traditionally described as "quasi-federal" with a strong centre and weak states has grown increasingly federal since the late 1990s as a result of political, economic, and social changes.

A nuclear weapons state and a regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks seventh in military expenditure among nations.

According to the World Bank, as of 2011, the Indian economy is nominally worth US$1.848 trillion, it is the tenth-largest economy by market exchange rates, and is, at US$ 4.457 trillion, the third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). With its average annual GDP growth rate of about 5.8% over the past two decades, and reaching 6.1% during 2011–12,India is one of the world’s fastest growing economies.

The 487.6-million worker Indian Labour force is the world’s second largest, as of 2011. The service sector makes up 55.6% of GDP, the industrial sector 26.3% and the agricultural sector 18.1%. Major agricultural products include rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, and potatoes. Major industries include textiles, telecommunications, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food processing, steel, transport equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, and software.

* Source: Wikipedia



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